Boiotia and the Boiotian League, 432-371 B.C. by Robert J. Buck

By Robert J. Buck

The historical past of the federal kingdom of Boiotia from the outbreak of the Peloponnesian struggle in 432 BC to the triumph of the states over its enemies in 371 BC is the point of interest of Professor Buck's examine. it really is specifically attention-grabbing as the federation underwent such a lot of alterations. The interaction of political factions with exterior enemies and with clashing ideologies makes it priceless to review.

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For this reason many authorities doubt that it actually did rejoin, and they reject the testimony of Diodorus. On the other hand, Hellenica Oxyrhynchia does not mention Mykalessos, Chorsiai, Anthedon and various other minor Boiotian towns, either. Oropos could have been taken under the protection of the League in some subordinate position, one comparable to that of any of these. 48 There are not strong enough grounds to reject the testimony of Diodorus' source, Hellenica Oxyrhynchia, here. Whatever its precise relationship to the rest of the League, Oropos was in the League, probably in some subordinate status.

One might expect that even democratic Boiotians would be led by aristocrats. Apparently some months were consumed in the negotiations and the planning, and there were serious leaks, most notably by a Phokian, Nikomachos, who told all he knew to the Spartan authorities. They in turn told the Boiotian government. This led to the crushing of the Orchomenian and Thespian democrats and consequently of the possibility of undisputed occupation of Siphai and Chaironeia. A rapid deployment of troops in Siphai and Chaironeia, doubtless backed by the arrest of key democratic figures, cowed the democrats into inactivity (Thuc.

Whatever else one may conclude from all this, it is clear that there was in the time of Xenophon a widespread belief that the faction of Ismenias was behind the outbreak of the Boiotian War. Ismenias and his gang somehow did it. Why the faction of Ismenias should have chosen whatever way they did, but one certainly devious, for starting the war is also given differently in the three versions, too. 3) says that the faction was in effect provoking the Spartans into fighting, and that the latter were glad to have the opportunity.

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Boiotia and the Boiotian League, 432-371 B.C. by Robert J. Buck
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