By Cathal J. Nolan
The Age of Wars of faith observed navies, armies, armed service provider businesses, and mercenaries conflict each other and native potentates in lots of lands and alongside various seashores. Wars of faith have been fought in and among all of the significant religions and civilizations, from Europe to China, in Africa, and within the remoted Americas, blending factors of knightly idealism, mercenary greed, and competing claims of divine sanction. This unprecedented paintings lines the extreme upheavals of the interval in army expertise, competing theologies, and civilizational switch that have been led to by means of, or impinged upon, army clash. It deals approximately 2,000 discrete yet cross-referenced entries on cultural, army, non secular and political background, in addition to geography, biography, and army literature.Close to 2,000 entries supply exact info at the significant occasions, locations, battles, figures, applied sciences, and ideas one needs to understand to start to make feel of the prior six centuries of world conflicts. notwithstanding in particular ferocious and severe, the Wars of Reformation and Counter-Reformation fought by means of Europeans from the fifteenth via seventeenth centuries have been infrequently distinct in global or army heritage. The Byzantine Empire, bastion of Christian Orthodoxy, staggered to the tortuous finish of its lengthy clash with the Ottoman Empire, the good strength of the Sunni Muslim international. The Ottomans, in flip, have been nonetheless engaged in an both old intra-Muslim conflict, among Sunnis and Shi'ites. In India, the Hindu Rajputs and Marathas, and likewise the Sikhs, equipped armies round spiritual groups to throw off the Muslim Yoke (Mughul Empire), and in addition fought opposed to Christian invaders from Europe. As for the remoted Americas, principles of divine kingship sustained through robust priesthoods and non secular struggle additionally prevailed, as exemplified via the Inca and Aztec empires.
By Jacques Barzun
"Persons who consciously and methodically hire the brain, the varieties and behavior governing the actions within which the brain is so hired, and the stipulations less than which those humans and actions exist"
By Jerry Keenan
America's experience into colonialism begun with the destruction of the U.S. battleship Maine in 1898, most likely through a Spanish mine. The 4 month battle opposed to Spain that followed?€”the shortest declared battle in U.S. history?€”resulted within the U.S. acquisition of the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam. The younger large of the Western Hemisphere used to be remodeled right into a colonial strength, and the stability of strength on the earth was once replaced forever.In this chronicle of an period that has escaped the eye it merits, army historian Jerry Keenan explores America's conflict with Spain and the violence that undefined. He exhibits how the U.S. muddled the management of the sprawling Philippine archipelago, guided via a coverage that President McKinley known as "benevolent assimilation." inside a 12 months, the U.S. used to be battling a conflict opposed to Philippine nationalists?€”a 3 12 months clash that will supply American squaddies their first sour style of counterinsurgency conflict in an Asian jungle.
By Margalit Finkelberg
The Homer Encyclopedia represents the 1st complete reference paintings encompassing the area and artistry of Homer, the old and cultural heritage of the Iliad and the Odyssey, Homeric scholarship, and Homeric reception from antiquity to the current. Represents the 1st encyclopedia on Homer ever released positive aspects contributions from a hundred thirty fresh and tested Homeric students Covers Homeric scholarship and reception from antiquity to the current 1360 entries providing info on each point of the Homeric poems