Distinguishing the Views and Philosophies: Illuminating by Bötrül, Douglas Samuel Duckworth

By Bötrül, Douglas Samuel Duckworth

Annotated translation of a necessary paintings of twentieth-century Tibetan Buddhist idea, person who explicates teachings at the heart method.

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Extra info for Distinguishing the Views and Philosophies: Illuminating Emptiness in a Twentieth-Century Tibetan Buddhist Classic

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Our tradition asserts that the uncategorized ultimate Is free from all assertions. Therefore, the unique arguments of the Great Middle Way Are the great consequences (thal ’gyur, prasa‰ga). ” Look at the phenomenon established—a lack of true existence—that is implied By the negation of true establishment, which is the object of negation; Their arguments are merely implicative negations. Our tradition asserts that by negating all constructed extremes, No extremes of reference or constructed phenomena are implied whatsoever.

Aside from the mode of appearance of the impure relative, which is the domain of the valid cognition of confined perception, Others do not explain the pure mode of reality— The domain of the valid cognition of purity. Without both modes of appearance and reality, There is no accordance or lack of accordance between appearance and reality; The distorted cognitions of ordinary beings become valid cognition and The visions of Sublime Ones become mistaken cognition. Our tradition accepts two relative appearances— The pure and the impure— Due to the mode of appearance of impure delusion and The mode of reality of the pure ground.

We saw above how Bötrül associates Pråsa∫gika discourse with the uncategorized ultimate, the content of meditative equipoise. In this section of the path, he not only describes meditative equipoise in terms of the object (the uncategorized ultimate), but also in terms of the subject (wisdom). For his Nyingma tradition, this distinction between the subjectivity of conceptual consciousness and nonconceptual wisdom is paramount. In contrast to an apprehension by consciousness, he states that there is no representational mode of apprehension (rnam pa’i ’dzin sdangs) at the time of wisdom’s meditative equipoise—during which there is no conceptual apprehension, not even the apprehension of an object’s lack of intrinsic existence.

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Distinguishing the Views and Philosophies: Illuminating by Bötrül, Douglas Samuel Duckworth
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