By Martin A. Fischler
This ebook treats the query of the way a long way we now have are available in realizing intelligence and in duplicating it robotically. the main elements of intelligence--reasoning, imaginative and prescient, language and studying are mentioned as an method of contrasting organic intelligence with present desktop realizations.
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Additional resources for Intelligence: the eye, the brain, and the computer
Weshare this complex with other mammals and reptiles. It plays a majorrole in aggressive behavior, territoriality, ritual, and the establishment of social hierarchies. It is surprising how much of modern human conduct can be ascribed to these primitive behavior patterns. FIGURE 2-3 The Triune Brain. Ceneral schematic of the three major components of the triune brain. (After P. D. Maclean. A Triune Concept of Brain and Behavior. University of Toronto Press. Toronto. ) necessary for reproduction and selfpreservation, including control of temperature, muscle tone, sleep rhythm, blood circulation, and respiratory functions.
The insula (indicated by broken lines)is hidden by the overlyinglobes. (b) Functional areas of the cerebral cortex. The general area is shaded black. (From E. L. Weinreb. Anatomy and Physiology. ) 39 THE COMPUTER having a sequential/logical character, while the right hemisphere is superior in dealing with problems having a spatialI gestalt character. Otherthan the centers specialized to deal with data from specific motor and sensory systems (Fig. 2-4), no additional localization of the reasoning machinery is known.
There are also visual "afterimages" which occur in a very short interval afterthe withdrawal of the stimulus, and are distinguished from other forms of visual memory in that these afterimages are not under voluntary control. We can inspect afterimages with our "mind's eye" and "see" things wedid not observe 37 THE HUMAN BRAIN when the visual stimulus was physically present. In addition to very short-term sensory memory, there appears to be another form of short-term memory which lasts anywhere from 30 seconds to a few hours.
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