Philosophy and Psychoanalytic Theory by Olivier Bert

By Olivier Bert

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Plenty, as far as I can judge. The mere fact that Lacan's theory of the human subject is, like Freud's, a developmental theory, unlike the vast majority of philosophical theories 1 or models of the subject that have been formulated in the course of the history of (western) thought, already intimates such narratological fecundity. It is striking that, in the case of traditional philosophical anthropologies, the human subject is usu­ ally theorized as if it is born at once complete as a being, furnished with all the faculties that characterize the mature or adult human being, notably Even those philosophical theories which do function by means of developmental principles - notably Hegel's and Marx's, as well as their derivatives - lack the allimportant concept of the unconscious, which gives psychoanalytical theories their distinctive heuristic, hermeneutic value.

After all, as Lacan indicates in The mirror stage, this identification is simultaneously alienating. Following Lacan (1977a: 22,), several commentators (see Benvenuto & Kennedy 1986:57) have pointed out that this moment of alienation implies the 'otherness' of the mirror image, and imparts to the subject a structural rivalry with him- or her­ self; hence the aggressivity (see Bowie 1991: 34). Small wonder that the disharmony within the subject between the unitary visual Gestalt and a fragmented body is transferred to the infant subject's relations with others, insofar as she or he identifies with the iconic appearance (that is, body-images) of other human beings.

Copjec, J. 1995. Read my desire. Lacan against the historicists. : The M I T Press. Copjec, J. 1996. Introduction: Evil in the finite time of the world'. In: Copjec, J. ) Radical evil. London: Verso, pp. vii-xxviii. Cornwell, P. 2002. Portrait of a killer. London: Little, Brown. I. 1986. 'Archaeology, genealogy, ethics'. C. Foucault - A critical reader. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, pp. 221-233. Derrida, J. 1973. 'Differance\ In: Speech and phenomena and other essays on HusserVs theory of signs. Evanston: Northwestern University Press, pp.

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Philosophy and Psychoanalytic Theory by Olivier Bert
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