By D. C. Beard
As this e-book is written for boys of every age, it's been divided less than basic heads, "The Tomahawk Camps" and "The awl Camps," that's, camps that could be equipped without device yet a hatchet, and camps that would desire the help of an awl. The smallest boys can construct a number of the uncomplicated shelters and the older boys can construct the more challenging ones. The reader could, if he likes, start with the 1st of the publication, construct his means via it, and graduate via construction the log homes; in doing this he'll be heavily following the heritage of the human race, simply because ever on account that our arboreal ancestors with prehensile ft scampered one of the branches of the pre-glacial forests and outfitted nestlike shelters within the bushes, males have made themselves shacks for a short lived shelter. yet as one of many contributors of the Camp-Fire membership of the USA, as one of many founders of the Boy Scouts of the USA, and because the founding father of the Boy Pioneers of the United States, it can now not be right for the writer to confess for one second that there might be this sort of factor as a camp with no camp-fire, and for this reason the tree fogeys and the "missing hyperlink" whose continues to be have been present in Java, and to whom the scientists gave the awe-inspiring identify of Pithecanthropus erectus, can't be counted as campers, simply because they didn't know the way to construct a camp-fire; neither will we admit the traditional maker of stone implements, referred to as eoliths, to be one in every of us, simply because he, too, knew now not the thrill of a camp-fire. yet there has been one other fellow, referred to as the Neanderthal guy, who lived within the ice age in Europe and he needed to be a camp-fire guy or freeze! so far as we all know, he used to be the 1st guy to construct a camp-fire. The chilly climate made him hustle, and hustling built him. real, he did cook dinner and devour his friends from time to time, or even break up their bones for the marrow; yet we are going to put out of your mind that half and simply bear in mind him because the first camper in Europe.
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Extra info for Shelters, Shacks and Shanties
IX BARK AND TAR PAPER To further illustrate the use of bark and tar paper, I have made the sketches shown by Figs. 46, 47, and 48. Fig. 47 is a log shack with an arched roof drawn from a photograph in my collection. To keep the interior warm not only the roof but the sides of the house as well have been shingled with bark, leaving only the ends of the logs protruding to tell of what material the house is really constructed. Fig. 47 shows a fisherman’s hut made with a few sticks and bark. Fig. 48 shows a tar paper camp, that is, a camp where everything is covered with tar paper in place of bark.
The other end of the ridge is now resting on the platform at the other end of the house and this may be lifted up, for the single nails will allow movement. The rafters are nailed in place with one nail each and a stay lath fastened on to hold them in place. ” Add four purlins set at right angles to the rafters and take off your hat and give three cheers and do not forget to nail a green bough to your rooftree in accordance with the ancient and time-honored custom. The sides of the house may be covered with tent-cloth, oilcloth, tin, tar paper, or the cheapest sort of lumber, and the house may be roofed with the same material; but if you can secure good lumber, use thirteen by seven eighths by nine and one quarter inch, tongue-and-grooved, one side planed so that it may be painted; you can make two sideboards out of each piece six feet six inches in length.
22) in the same manner, after which it is a simple matter to erect your shack (Fig. 22, and E, Fig. 22). Shelters adapted to conditions. The beaver-mat and the fagot shack. The great advantage of this sort of shelter is that it is much easier to do your thatching on the ground than on standing walls, and also, when done, it is so compact as to be practically water-proof. Fagot Shack The fagot shack is also a new style of camp and is intended for use in places where large timber cannot be cut, but where dwarf willows, bamboo cane, alders, or other small underbrush is more or less plentiful.
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