By Thomas Schlich, Ulrich Tröhler
The hazards interested by introducing new medications and units are among the main mentioned problems with sleek medicine.
Presenting a brand new frame of mind approximately those concerns, this quantity considers threat and clinical innovation from a social ancient viewpoint, and reviews particular instances of clinical innovation, together with X-rays, the capsule and Thalidomide, of their respective contexts.
International situations are tested throughout the lens of a specific set of shared questions - highlighting modifications, similarities, continuities and alterations, and delivering a old sociology of probability. rather vital is the re-conceptualization of hazards by way of possibility - a numerical and probabilistic strategy taking into consideration possible goal and value-neutral judgements.
Read jointly, those papers upload to our figuring out of the present debate approximately chance and safeguard through delivering a comparative history to the dialogue, in addition to a suite of usually appropriate standards for interpreting and comparing the modern issues surrounding scientific innovation.
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Extra info for The Risks of Medical Innovation: Risk Perception and Assessment in Historical Context
112–18, 131–5; quote from p. 112. , Empire, pp. 236–7. Jasanoff, “Cultural Aspects of Risk Assessment in Britain and the United States”, in B. Reidel, 1987, pp. 359–97; see p. 359. 39 Gordon 1988, p. 283. 40 Rusnock, Logick, p. 49. Hardy (eds), The Road to The risks of medical innovation 16 Medical Statistics, Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, 2002, pp. 125–47; see pp. 135–41, Weisz, Mandarins, pp. 159–88. 42 See Chapter 10 by Thomas Schlich in this book. , 1989, p. 261. 44 Aronowitz, Making Sense, p.
11. 70 Gabe, Health, p. 7. Wildavsky, Risk and Culture. An Essay on the Selection of Technological and Environmental Dangers, Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press, 1982, p. 9. Risk and medical innovation: a historical perspective 17 72 Löwy, Introduction, pp. 1–2. Reidel, 1987, pp. vii–xiii; see p. xii. 74 Gabe, Health, p. 11. 5 For us an innovation would imply comparison to an earlier situation. However, very little is known, historically, about how practitioners presented and perceived these new interventions, either in terms of gains (“advantage” and “benefit” were the concurrent terms) or losses (“harm” or “danger”) for the patient and/or society, or in terms of medical safety.
Historiography of risk in medicine The different chapters of this book examine their respective cases from a variety of perspectives. Despite these differences they all show that history contributes in a specific way to a better understanding of how people deal with potential health dangers. Thus, historical case studies point beyond rational choice theory and show that risk-taking behaviour cannot be explained by notions of preference and rationality in any simple way. They also transcend psychological explanations of risk perception.
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